#India and #Japan have a strong #bilateral relationship in the areas of defence and security, infrastructure and construction, railways, automobiles and locomotives, steel and iron-ore, forest and disaster management, etc. India and Japan have so far executed a number of agreements for strengthening the strategic and global #partnership between the two countries. The significant #agreements executed by both the countries since 2018 are given below:

1. Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) in the field of technologyTo collaborate with India in the field of next generation technologies such as artificial intelligence, internet of things (IoT) and 5G technologies, etc.  
2. MoC in the field of healthcare and wellnessTo collaborate in the field of primary healthcare, prevention of non-communicable diseases, maternal and child health services, sanitation, hygiene, nutrition and elderly care.  
3. Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in the field of food securityTo further the cooperation between the two countries, in the areas of food and water security.  
4. MoC in the area of food processingJapan plans to be involved with private companies in the field of agriculture, fisheries and food processing sectors, in order to improve farming productivity and decrease harvest and post-harvest losses.  
5. MoU between Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India and Hiroshima University, Japan for promoting research partnership  Both countries plan to promote research partnership in areas of electronics, sensors, robotics, intelligent transportation, etc.  
6. MoU between CSIR and Research Centre for Advanced Science and Technology (RCAST), the University of Tokyo, Japan for promoting research partnership  Both countries have committed to explore the opportunities for research partnership in the areas of sustainable and renewable forms of energy, electronics, robotics, IoT etc
7. MoC in the field of environment cooperation  Both countries have committed to explore the possibilities for collaboration in the areas of environmental protection and improvement.  
8. MoU between Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad (IIT-H), India and Hiroshima University, Japan and other institutes, in the field of academicsIndia and Japan have planned to promote joint research and exchange of students and faculties between the institutions
9. MoU between Sports Authority of India (SAI), India and University of Tsukuba, Japan, in the field of academics and sports  Both countries have planned to strengthen cooperation in the field of sports development, through joint programmes.
10. Joint Venture (JV) Agreement between State Bank of India (SBI) and Hitachi Payment Services Pvt LtdThis JV, namely, SBI Payment Services Pvt. Ltd, is a state-of-the-art digital payments platform for India and other countries.  

Japan has so far invested an amount of approximately USD 33,080.56 Million during the period of April 2000 to December 2019 in India. The said investments have been made pertaining to water and sanitation projects, improvement of water quality of River Ganga, roads and highways connectivity improvement projects, biodiversity conservation and forest management projects, etc in the North-Eastern parts of India. Japan has further planned to collaborate with India in the field of unmanned ground vehicles, robotics and outer-space activities, cyber security-based projects, etc. Japan has also committed to make India, a manufacturing destination for companies across the globe.

Harini Daliparthy

Senior Legal Associate

The Indian Lawyer

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