Adoption Regulations, 2017 is framed by ‘Central Adoption Resource Authority’ (CARA) became effective from 16 January 2017. The Adoption Regulations find their basis in the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 which was notified on 4th January 2017. The new Adoption Regulations replace the Adoption Guidelines, 2015.
The Adoption Regulations have been framed keeping in mind the issues and challenges faced by CARA and other stakeholders including the Adoption Agencies and Prospective Adoptive Parents (PAPs). This change will streamline the adoption process. Transparency, early deinstitutionalisation of children, informed choice for the parents, ethical practices and strictly defined timelines in the adoption process are the salient aspects of the Adoption Regulations.
Some of the salient features of the Adoption Regulations, 2017 are:-
- Procedures related to adoption by relatives both within the country and abroad have been defined in the Regulations.
- Validity of Home Study Report has been increased from two to three years.
- The time period available to the domestic PAPs for matching and acceptance, after reserving the child referred, has been increased to twenty days from the existing fifteen days.
- District Child protection Unit (DCPU) shall maintain a panel of professionally qualified or trained social workers.
- There are 32 Schedules annexed to the Regulations including model adoption applications to be filed in the Court and this would considerably address delays prevalent in obtaining the Court order.
- CARA shall be facilitating all adoptions under the Juvenile Justice Act, 2015 through Child Adoption Resource Information & Guidance System (CARINGS) and all kinds of adoptions, including adoptions by relatives shall be reported to CARA which would enable safeguards for all adopted children by maintaining their record and ensuring post adoption follow up.
The Adoption Regulations proposes to streamline and bring transparency to the process of adoption which hither to was misused by some anti social elements for monetary consideration.
The Indian Lawyer